The naturalization of work usually refers to social processes that make a life underpinned by labor seem unquestionable, inevitable, and even desirable. This kind of naturalization is visible in many sites, from popular summons to treat one’s job as a calling to the growth of various administrative positions that make more work for others. Fledgling calls to denaturalize work and find ways to organize society around other dimensions of being human are also emerging today, such as in the increasingly popular but ambiguous idea of a universal basic income. The essays in this Theorizing the Contemporary series build on the present moment by looking critically at the naturalization and denaturalization of work in broader and more literal ways: efforts to value landscapes as (co)workers, the use of animals as laborers, and the extraction of nonhuman energies to put people to work. They consider the promise and perils of extending capacities to work to nonhuman beings, while putting labor and environmental studies into renewed dialogue.